Zakat in Islam

Quran

"O you who believe! Spend of the good things which you (legally) earned, and of that which We have produced from the earth for you..." (Al-Baqarah: Verse 267) 

See more Quranic verses on Zakat and Charity Icon for PDF here (PDF , 260KB).

Hadith

"(The superstructure of) Islam is raised on five (pillars): to utter an attestation of faith, performance of prayer, payment of Zakat, fast of Ramadan and pilgrimage (to Makkah)." (Narrated by Ibnu Umar R.A.)

See more Hadith on Zakat here. 

Fatwa

To view Fatwa on Zakat in Singapore, click here

Linguistic Definition

Zakat as translated from Arabic means growth, multiplicity, fertility, cleansing, full of baraqah.

Religious Definition

Zakat is the 3rd pillar of Islam and is the determined share of wealth prescribed by Allah S.W.T. to be distributed to the 8 categories entitled to receive it. It is an ibadah in terms of wealth. A symbol of Islamic social justice, Zakat cleanses your soul, purifies and grows your wealth while eradicating poverty.

Difference between Zakat and Sadaqah

Zakat Sadaqah
Obligatory Encouraged
Specific rate of 2.5% and minimum level (Nisab) No specific rate or minimum level
Specific period of fulfilment (Haul) No specific period of fulfilment
Specific beneficiary (Asnaf) No specific beneficiary

Significance of Zakat for the Individual

  • Purifies and promotes assets.

  • Develops gratitude for Allah's bounty.

  • Brings about a sense of peace and well-being.

Significance of Zakat for Society

  • Minimizes the feeling of envy among those who are less well-to-do.

  • Provides a religiously-approved method of managing the society's economy and finance.

  • Makes it possible for part of the wealth of the rich to be distributed among the poor.

4 Conditions of Zakat

  1. The person is a Muslim.
  2. The person has full ownership of the wealth.  
  3. Nisab is reached: Nisab is the market value of 86 grams of gold.
  4. Haul is reached: Possession of the assets for one Hijrah year or 355 days.

Last updated on 16/1/2018